Copyright© 1999, Douglas Alberg.   Photographed July, 1999


Experimental lifting body which aided Buran space shuttle development

Developed as a sub-sonic analog to a larger orbital vehicle, Aircraft 105-11 was designed to determine stability, controllability and aerodynamic characteristics. The aircraft has a jet engine and could take off and land under its own power. It was also tested by releasing it from a Tu-95 bomber at around an altitude of 5,000m. Aircraft 105-11 flew several times between 1975 and 1978.

The aircraft was fitted with conventional landing gear for some tests, as shown in this photo.